This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
Calcium is an essential ion for normal cardiovascular and other organ functions. Direct ionized calcium measurement is the best method for diagnosing hypocalcemia in critically ill patients. The presence of ionized hypocalcemia implies a defect in the parathyroid-vitamin D axis. Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of this disorder may be life saving.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.
Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.
Subscribe:Subscribe to Critical Care Clinics
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Hemodynamic actions and drug interactions of calcium and magnesium.in: Zaloga G.P. Endocrine Emergencies, Problems in Critical Care. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia1990 (in press)
- The aetiology of hypocalcemia in acute pancreatitis.Br J Surg. 1975; 62: 115
- Hypocalcemia during rapid blood transfusion in anesthetized man.Br J Anesth. 1976; 48: 995
- Renal function and blood levels of divalentions in acute pancreatitis.Mineral Electrolyte Metab. 1980; 3: 190
- Factors influencing the ionization of calcium during major surgical procedures.Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1976; 143: 895
- Massive blood replacement: Correlation of ionized calcium, citrate, and hydrogen ion concentration.Anesth Analg. 1979; 58: 274
- Failure of total calcium corrected for protein, albumin, and pH to correctly assess free calcium status.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1978; 46: 986
- Calcium and calcium antagonists in shock and ischemia.in: Chernow B. The Pharmacologic Approach to the Critically Ill Patient. ed 2. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore1988: 889
Prielipp R, Zaloga GP: Calcium action and general anesthesia. Adv Anesthesia, in press
- Massive transfusion.Crit Care Clin. 1986; 2: 791
- Calcium homeostasis in the critically ill patient.Magnesium. 1989; 8: 190
- Evaluation of bedside testing options for the critical care unit.Chest. 1990; 97 (suppl): 185S
- Phosphate disorders.in: Zaloga G.P. Endocrine Emergencies, Problems in Critical Care. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia1990 (in press)
- Hypocalcemia in critical illness.J Am Med Assoc. 1986; 256: 1924
- Hypocalcemia and rhabdomyolysis.J Am Med Assoc. 1987; 257: 626
- The multifactorial basis for hypocalcemia during sepsis: Studies of the PTH-vitamin D axis.Ann Intern Med. 1987; 107: 36
- Divalent ions: Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.in: Chernow B. The Pharmacologic Approach to the Critically Ill Patient. ed 2. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore1988: 603
- Assessment of calcium homeostasis in the critically ill patient. The diagnostic pitfalls of the McClean Hastings Nomogram.Ann Surg. 1985; 202: 587
- Magnesium disorders.in: Zaloga G.P. Endocrine Emergencies, Problems in Critical Care. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia1990 (in press)
© 1991 Elsevier Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.