Advertisement

The History of Neurocritical Care as a Subspecialty

Published:September 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccc.2022.06.001

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Critical Care Clinics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Shaw-Taylor L.
        An introduction to the history of infectious diseases,epidemics and the early phases of the long-run decline in mortality.
        Econ Hist Rev. 2020; 73: E1-E19
        • Nightingale F.
        Notes on matters affecting the health, efficiency, and hospital administration of the British Army. Founded chiefly on the experience of the late War. Presented by request to the Secretary of state for war. Privately printed for Miss Nightingale.
        Harrison and Sons, London1858
        • Sherman I.J.
        • Kretzer R.M.
        • Tamargo R.J.
        Personal recollections of Walter E. Dandy and his brain team.
        J Neurosurg. 2006; 105: 487-493
        • Hardy A.D.
        Poliomyelitis and the neurologists: the View from England, 1896- 1966.
        Bull Hist Med. 1997; 71: 249-272
        • Ropper A.H.
        Neurological intensive care.
        Ann Neurol. 1992; 32: 564-569
        • Drinker P.
        • McKhann C.F.
        The use of a new apparatus for the prolonged administration of artificial respiration: a fatal case of poliomyelitis.
        JAMA. 1929; 92: 1658-1660
        • Levine J.M.
        Historical perspective on pressure ulcers.
        J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005; 53: 1248-1251
        • Pitt J.A.
        The human factor in long-duration manned spaceflight. In: the Human Factor- Biomedicine in the manned space program to 1980. The NASA History Series.
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington DC1985: 52-72
        • Weil M.H.
        • Tang W.
        From Intensive care to critical care medicine- a historical perspective.
        Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011; 183: 1451-1453
        • Weil M.H.
        The society of critical care medicine, its history and its destiny.
        Crit Care Med. 1973; 1: 1-4
        • [No Authors Listed]
        Guidelines for organization of critical care units.
        JAMA. 1972; 222: 1532-1535
        • Grenvik A.
        • Leonard J.J.
        • Arens J.F.
        • et al.
        Critical care medicine certification as a multidisciplinary subspecialty.
        Crit Care Med. 1981; 9: 117-125
        • Grenvik A.
        Subspecialty certification in critical care medicine by American specialty boards.
        . 1985; 13: 1001-1003
        • American Board of Medical Specialties
        ABMS Board certification report 2020-2021.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 13, 2022)
        • Bleck T.P.
        Historical aspects of critical care and the nervous system.
        Crit Care Clin. 2009; 25: 153-164
      1. History of neurocritical care at Mass general.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 25, 2022)
        • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rt-PA Stroke Study Group
        Tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke.
        N Engl J Med. 1995; 333: 1581-1587
        • del Zoppo G.J.
        • Higashida R.T.
        • Furlan A.J.
        • et al.
        PROACT: a phase II randomized trial of recombinant pro-urokinase by direct arterial delivery in acute middle cerebral artery stroke.
        PROACT Investigators Prolyse Acute Cereb Thromboembolism. Stroke. 1998; 29: 4-11
        • Viñuela F.
        • Duckwiler G.
        • Mawad M.
        Guglielmi detachable coil embolization of acute intracranial aneurysm: perioperative anatomical and clinical outcome in 403 patients.
        J Neurosurg. 1997; 86: 475-482
        • Mirski M.A.
        • Chang C.W.J.
        • Cowan R.
        Impact of a neuroscience intensive care unit on neurosurgical patient outcomes and cost of care: evidence-based support for an intensivist-directed specialty ICU model of care.
        J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2001; 13: 83-92
        • Diringer M.N.
        • Edwards D.F.
        Admission to a neurologic/neurosurgical intensive care unit is associated with reduced mortality rate after intracerebral hemorrhage.
        Crit Care Med. 2001; 29: 635-640
        • Suarez J.I.
        • Zaidat O.O.
        • Suri M.F.
        • et al.
        Length of stay and mortality in neurocritically ill patients: impact of a specialized neurocritical care team.
        Crit Care Med. 2004; 32: 2311-2317
        • Lerch C.
        • Yonekawa Y.
        • Muroa C.
        • et al.
        Specialized neurocritical care, severity grade, and outcome of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
        Neurocrit Care. 2006; 05: 85-92
        • Varelas P.N.
        • Eastwood H.J.Y.
        • Spanaki M.V.
        • et al.
        Impact of a neurointensivist on outcomes in patients with head trauma treated in a neurosciences intensive care unit.
        J Neurosurg. 2006; 104: 713-719
        • Bershad E.M.
        • Feen E.S.
        • Hernandez O.H.
        • et al.
        Impact of a specialized neurointensive care team on outcomes of critically ill acute ischemic stroke patients.
        Neurocrit Care. 2008; 9: 287-292
        • Varelas P.N.
        • Schultz L.
        • Conti M.
        • et al.
        The impact of a neuro-intensivist on patients with stroke admitted to a neurosciences intensive care unit.
        Neurocrit Care. 2008; 9: 293-299
        • Josephson S.A.
        • Douglas V.C.
        • Lawton M.T.
        • et al.
        Improvement in intensive care unit outcomes in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage after initiation of neurointensivist co-management.
        J Neurosurg. 2010; 112: 626-630
        • Samuels O.
        • Webb A.
        • Culler S.
        • et al.
        Impact of a dedicated neurocritical care team in treating patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
        Neurocrit Care. 2011; 14: 334-340
        • Knopf L.
        • Staff I.
        • Gomes J.
        • et al.
        Impact of a neurointensivist on outcomes in critically ill stroke patients.
        Neurocrit Care. 2012; 166: 63-71
        • Damian M.S.
        • Ben-Shlomo Y.
        • Howard R.
        • et al.
        The effect of secular trends and specialist neurocritical care on mortality for patients with intracerebral haemorrhage, myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome admitted to critical care : an analysis of the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre (ICNARC) national United Kingdom database.
        Intensive Care Med. 2013; 39: 1405-1412
        • Egawa S.
        • Hifumi T.
        • Kawakita K.
        • et al.
        Impact of neurointensivist-managed intensive care unit implementation on patient outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
        J Crit Care. 2016; 32: 52-55
        • Ryu J.A.
        • Yang J.H.
        • Chung C.R.
        • et al.
        Impact of neurointensivst co-management on the clinical outcomes of patients admitted to the neurosurgical intensive care unit.
        J Korean Med Sci. 2017; 32: 1024-1030
        • Soliman I.
        • Aletreby W.T.
        • Faqihi F.
        • et al.
        Improved outcomes following the establishment of a neurocritical care unit in Saudi Arabia.
        Crit Care Res Pract. 2018; : 2764907
        • Jeong J.H.
        • Bang J.S.
        • Jeong W.J.
        • et al.
        A dedicated neurological intensive care unit offers improved outcomes for patients with brain and spine injuries.
        J Intensive Care Med. 2019; 34: 104-108
        • Kim T.J.
        • Lee J.S.
        • Yoon J.S.
        • et al.
        Impact of the dedicated neurointensivists on the outcome in patients with ischemic stroke based on the linked big data for stroke in Korea.
        J Korean Med Sci. 2020; 35: e135-e143
        • Wartenberg K.E.
        Neurointensive care Units in Germany. ICU management & practice ICU Volume 10, Issue 2.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 25, 2022)
        • Kunze K.
        Neurologische Intensivmedizin in Deutschland.
        Spec Edition Neurologische Intensivmedizin aktuell. 2006; (ISSN): 1435-2966
        • Angus D.
        • Kelley M.A.
        • Schmitz R.J.
        • et al.
        Committee on Manpower for Pulmonary and Critical Care Societies (COMPACCS): Caring for the critically ill patient. Current and projected workforce requirements for care of the critically ill and patients with pulmonary disease: can we meet the requirements of an aging population?.
        JAMA. 2000; 284: 2762-2770
      2. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). Report to Congress—The critical care workforce: a study of the supply and demand for critical care physicians, 2006. Requested by: Senate Report 108 – 81.

        • Kelley M.A.
        • Angus D.
        • Chalfin D.B.
        • et al.
        The critical care crisis in the United States: a report from the profession.
        Chest. 2004; 125: 1514-1517
        • Gasperino J.
        The Leapfrog initiative for intensive care unit physician staffing and its impact on intensive care unit performance: a narrative review.
        Health Policy. 2011; 102: 223-228
        • Pronovost P.
        • Needham D.
        • Waters H.
        • et al.
        Intensive care unit physician staffing: financial modeling of the Leapfrog standard.
        Crit Care Med. 2004; 32: 247-253
        • National Quality Forum (NQF)
        Safe practice 11: intensive care Unit care.
        in: Safe practices for better healthcare–2010 Update: a Consensus Report. NQF, Washington, DC2010: 169-174
        • Halpern N.A.
        • Pastores S.M.
        • Oropello J.M.
        • et al.
        Critical care medicine in the United States: addressing the intensivist shortage and image of the specialty.
        Crit Care Med. 2013; 41: 2754-2761
        • Kahn J.M.
        • Matthews F.A.
        • Angus D.C.
        • et al.
        Barriers to implementing the Leapfrog Group recommendations for intensivist physician staffing: a survey of intensive care unit directors.
        J Crit Care. 2007; 22: 97-103
      3. The Leapfrog group. Hospital survey: Factsheet: ICU physician staffing.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 22, 2022)
        • Krell K.
        Critical care workforce.
        Crit Care Med. 2008; 36: 1350-1353
        • Caserta F.M.
        • Depew M.
        • Moran J.
        Acute care nurse practitioners: the role in neuroscience critical care.
        J Neurol Sci. 2007; 261: 167-171
        • Yeager S.
        The neuroscience acute care nurse practitioner: role development, implementation, and improvement.
        Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2009; 21: 561-593
        • Marcolini E.
        • Seder D.
        • Bonomo J.
        • et al.
        The present state of neurointensivist training in the United States: a Comparison to other critical care training programs.
        Crit Care Med. 2018; 46: 307-315
        • National Uniform Claim Committee
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 22, 2022)
        • American College for Graduate Medical Education
        ACGME program requirements for Graduate medical education in surgical critical care.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 27, 2022)
        • American College for Graduate Medical Education
        ACGME program requirements for Graduate medical education in Anesthesia critical care.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 27, 2022)
        • Society of Neurological Surgeons
        CAST history.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 26, 2022)
        • American Board of Medical Specialties
        Focused practice designation.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 26, 2022)
        • Society of Neurological Surgeons
        CAST: structure.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 25, 2022)
        • Alberts M.J.
        • Latchaw R.E.
        • Selman W.R.
        • et al.
        Recommendations for comprehensive stroke centers. A consensus statement from the brain Attack Coalition.
        Stroke. 2005; 36: 1597-1616
        • Hemphill J.C.
        • Bleck T.
        • Carhuapoma J.R.
        • et al.
        Is neurointensive care really optional for comprehensive stroke care.
        Stroke. 2005; 36: 2344-2345
        • Chang C.W.
        • Torbey M.T.
        • Diringer M.N.
        • et al.
        Neurointensivists: Part of the problem or part of the solution?.
        Crit Care Med. 2008; 36: 2963-2964
        • Tisherman S.
        • Spevetz A.
        • Blosser S.
        • et al.
        A case for change in adult critical care training for physicians in the United States: a white Paper developed by the critical care as a specialty Task Force of the society of critical care medicine.
        Crit Care Med. 2018; 46: 1577-1584
        • Moheet A.M.
        • Livesay S.L.
        • Abdelhak T.
        • et al.
        Standards for neurologic critical care Units: a statement for healthcare professionals from the neurocritical care society.
        Neurocrit Care. 2018; 29: 145-160
        • Kaplan L.
        • Moheet A.M.
        • Livesay S.L.
        • et al.
        A perspective from the neurocritical care society and the society of critical care medicine: team-based care for neurological critical illness.
        Neurocrit Care. 2020; 32: 369-372
        • De Lange S.
        • Van Aken H.
        • Burchardi H.
        European society of intensive care medicine statement: intensive care medicine in Europe—structure, organisation and training guidelines of the multidisciplinary joint committee of intensive care medicine (MJCICM) of the European union of medical specialists (UEMS).
        Intensive Care Med. 2002; 28: 1505-1511
        • Barrett H.
        • Bion J.F.
        An international survey of training in adult intensive care medicine.
        Intensive Care Med. 2005; 31: 553-561
        • CoBaTrCE Collaboration The
        Development of core competencies for an international training programme in intensive care medicine.
        Intensive Care Med. 2006; 32: 1371-1383
        • European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
        European diploma in intensive care Medicine.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 25, 2022)
        • United Council of Neurologic Subspecialties
        Neurocritical care certification examination eligibility criteria.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 22, 2022)
        • European Academy of Neurology
        Neurocritical care.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 23, 2022)
        • Suarez J.I.
        • Martin R.H.
        • Bauza C.
        • et al.
        Worldwide organization of neurocritical care: Results from the PRINCE study Part 1.
        Neurocrit Care. 2020; 32: 172-179
        • Venkatasubba Rao C.P.
        • Suarez J.I.
        • Martin R.H.
        • et al.
        Global survey of outcomes of neurocritical care patients: analysis of the PRINCE study Part 2.
        Neurocrit Care. 2020; 32: 88-103